The Role of Education and Universities in Modernization Processes in Central and South-Eastern European Countries in 19th and 20th Century


Peter Vodopivec, Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino; Aleš Gabrič, Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino; Miroslav Polzer; Diana Mishkova; Iskra Iveljić; Ljubinka Trgovčević; Roumiana Preshlenova; Svetlana Slapšak; Peter Urbanitsch; Žarko Lazarević, Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino; Ernst Bruckmüller; Predrag Marković; Mitja Sunčič; Željko Oset

Ključne besede:

izobraževanje, družbena vloga, univerze, Srednja Evropa, Jugovzhodna Evropa

Kratka vsebina

For some time, the researchers studying various aspects of social and economic development in the 19th and 20th century have been pointing at the crucial role of education, schooling system and high-education institutions in the processes of social and economic modernisation and political and social democratisation. These processes could not take place without the spread of literacy, professionalization and communication using written language and media; and neither without the formation of educated and business elites, which became an indispensable dynamic factor of social, economic and cultural changes. In particular in the countries and nations with only weak urban middleclass population and slow development of non-agrarian economy (small trades and industry), educational institutions and universities were one of the most important factors of social mobility and transformation, which paved the way for the emergence of urbanized middle-class population and modern social and economic flows. In the 19th century, a large part of higher-education and university students were schooled outside their home environment; until 1918 students in the Habsburg monarchy were mostly schooled at the university centres within the monarchy, whereas the students from the South-Eastern European countries attended also Western European universities. Afterwards, they all conveyed their knowledge and economic, social and political development views to the local and wider national environment. With gradual establishing of higher-education and university institutions in the environments and countries where they had not existed before, new scientific and university centres started to emerge in Central and South-Eastern Europe in the second half of the 19th century; they accelerated the formation of educated elites and encouraged their modernisation efforts.


  • Introduction
    Peter Vodopivec, Aleš Gabrič
  • Universities and Societal Change in Central and South-Eastern European Countries - Yesterday - Today - Tomorrow
    Miroslav Polzer
  • Education and Universities in the Modernization and Europeanization Processes in South-Eastern Europe
    Some Reflections on Interpretation and Methodology
    Diana Mishkova
  • The Role of Education in Modernizing Croatia in the 2nd Half of the 19th Century
    Iskra Iveljić
  • High School, University of Belgrade and Modernization of Serbia (1863-1914)
    Ljubinka Trgovčević
  • Emancipation through Education
    Some Bulgarian Experience since the 19th Century
    Roumiana Preshlenova
  • Educated Elites in Slovene Regions before VVWI - between National Aspirations and Social and Political Conservativism
    Peter Vodopivec
  • Thinking Big in Vienna: Balkan Students Inventing Yugoslavia before WWI
    Svetlana Slapšak
  • The Creation of Higher Technical and Vocational Schools in Cisleithania in the last Decades of the 19th Century (with special regard to the South-Slav Lands).
    An Instrument for Modernizing the Austrian Educational System ?
    Peter Urbanitsch
  • Education and Economic Development in Slovenia (Some Observations up to WWII)
    Žarko Lazarević
  • Der Zugang zu den Hochschulstudien im alten Österreich
    Ernst Bruckmüller
  • University Education: A Shortcut to Modernity or a Blind Alee? Student Political Activism as an Agent of Modernization
    Predrag Marković
  • From Gender Segregation to Gender Equality in the School System
    Aleš Gabrič
  • Towards Educational Typology of Slovene Industrial Entrepreneurs
    Mitja Sunčič
  • Acceptance of Modern Scientific Achievements in Slovene Communication Network
    Example of Evolution Theory and Formation Process of Slovene Technical Terminology
    Željko Oset


January 1, 2011

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